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Título: Molecularly imprinted polymer-based electrochemical sensors for environmental analysis
Autores: Rebelo, Patrícia
Costa-Rama, Estefanía
Seguro, Isabel
Pacheco, Joao G.
Nouws, Henri P.A.
Cordeiro, M. Natália D.S.
Delerue-Matos, Cristina
Fecha Edición: 2021
Editor: Elsevier
Cita Bibliográfica: Patrícia Rebelo, Estefanía Costa-Rama, Isabel Seguro, Joao G. Pacheco, Henri P. A. Nouws, M. Natália D.S. Cordeiro, Cristina Delerue-Matos. Molecularly imprinted polymer-based electrochemical sensors for environmental analysis. Biosens. Bioelectron. 2021; 172; 112719
Resumen: The ever-increasing presence of contaminants in environmental waters is an alarming issue, not only because of their harmful effects in the environment but also because of their risk to human health. Pharmaceuticals and pesticides, among other compounds of daily use, such as personal care products or plasticisers, are being released into water bodies. This release mainly occurs through wastewater since the treatments applied in many wastewater treatment plants are not able to completely remove these substances. Therefore, the analysis of these contaminants is essential but this is difficult due to the great variety of contaminating substances. Facing this analytical challenge, electrochemical sensing based on molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs) has become an interesting field for environmental monitoring. Benefiting from their superior chemical and physical stability, low-cost production, high selectivity and rapid response, MIPs combined with miniaturized electrochemical transducers offer the possibility to detect target analytes in-situ. In most reports, the construction of these sensors include nanomaterials to improve their analytical characteristics, especially their sensitivity. Moreover, these sensors have been successfully applied in real water samples without the need of laborious pre-treatment steps. This review provides a general overview of electrochemical MIP-based sensors that have been reported for the detection of pharmaceuticals, pesticides, heavy metals and other contaminants in water samples in the past decade. Special attention is given to the construction of the sensors, including different functional monomers, sensing platforms and materials employed to achieve the best sensitivity. Additionally, several parameters, such as the limit of detection, the linear concentration range and the type of water samples that were analysed are compiled.
Aparece en las Colecciones:Química

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