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Título : Using pedigree information to monitor genetic variability of endangered populations: the Xalda sheep breed of Asturias as an example
Autor : Goyache, Félix
Gutiérrez, Juan P.
Fernández, Itziar
Gómez, E.
Álvarez, Isabel
Díez, J.
Royo Martín, Luis J.
Fecha de publicación : 2003
Editorial : Blackwell Verlag
Citación : Goyache, F.; Gutiérrez, J. P.; Fernández, I.; Gómez, E.; Álvarez, I.; Díez, J.; Royo, L. J. Using pedigree information to monitor genetic variability of endangered populations: the Xalda sheep breed of Asturias as an example. Journal of Animal Breeding and Genetics. . 2003; 120: 95-105.
Resumen : The aim of this work is to highlight the need of monitoring small populations to conserve their genetic variability by using a set of parameters to characterize both the structure of populations and management practices. As a representative example we analyse the pedigree information of the endangered Xalda sheep breed of Asturias. The herdbook of Xalda sheep included a total of 805 animals and 62 herds. The number of founders was 329. Nowadays, there are 562 live animals and 26 active herds. The breed is in risk of losing genetic diversity because of the abusive use of certain individuals as parents. The effective number of founder animals is 81.1. The effective number of founder herds is 9.9. The average value of inbreeding in the whole Xalda population was 1.5%. The average relatedness (AR) coefficient reached 1.8% in the whole pedigree. The genetic representation of the lines of founders is unbalanced. Inbreeding trends and effective size do not provide realistic information concerning the risk of loss of diversity as a result of the shallowness of the genealogical information. We suggest the monitoring of the breed using AR to unbalance the genetic contributions of specific individuals, equalizing the genetic representation of the founders and lines in the population. In addition, AR can suggest the introduction of new, under-represented animals in herds showing high average AR values relative to the population. Our results can be useful to improve the development of conservation initiatives involving open herdbooks to avoid the risk of loss of genetic diversity caused by incorrect management practices.
URI : http://ria.asturias.es/RIA/handle/123456789/2101
ISSN : 0931–2668
Aparece en las colecciones: Agroalimentación y Ganadería
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