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Título: Oocytes recovered from cows treated with retinol become unviable as blastocysts produced in vitro
Autores: Hidalgo Ordóñez, Carlos O.
Díez Fernández, Carmen
Duque, Paloma
Prendes, J. M.
Rodríguez, Aida
Goyache, Félix
Fernández, Itziar
Facal, Nieves
Ikeda, S.
Alonso Montes, Cristina
Gómez, Enrique
Fecha Edición: 2005
Editor: Society of Reproduction and Fertility
Cita Bibliográfica: Hidalgo, C.; Díez, C.; Duque, P.; Prendes, J.M.; Rodríguez, A.; Goyache, F. [et. al]. Oocytes recovered from cows treated with retinol become unviable as blastocysts produced in vitro. Reproduction. 2005; 129: 411-421.
Resumen: Retinoids have been shown to enhance developmental competence of the oocyte in cattle, sheep and pigs. In this study we investigated whether exogenous retinol stimulates the bovine oocyte during its intrafollicular growth and the time limits of exposure to exogenous retinol. In addition, we also determined the efficiency of ovum pick-up techniques in combination with retinol treatment and the viability of embryos after transfer to recipients. In Experiment 1, heifers were injected with retinol or vehicle, and concentrations of retinol in the blood were analysed on Day 0 (prior to injection), Day 1 and, together with follicular fluid, Day 4. Blood retinol increased by Day 1 and cleared on Day 4, but retinol remained higher within the follicle. In Experiment 2, oocyte donors were injected weekly with retinol or vehicle four times during a twice-per-week cycle of eight recovery sessions (starting 4 days before the first session), followed by a second eight-session cycle without treatment. Oocytes recovered were fertilized and cultured in vitro. Retinol treatment yielded higher numbers of low-quality oocytes throughout, although retinol measured during cycles did not change. Total oocytes, and morulae and blastocyst rates, increased during the first five sessions following treatment with retinol. As previously shown with oocytes from slaughterhouse ovaries, retinoic acid stimulated blastocyst development. Following transfer to recipients, blastocysts from oocytes exposed to retinol were unable to establish pregnancy. Our study confirms the existence of an effect of retinol on the intrafollicular oocyte in the cow and provides evidence regarding the teratogenic effect of retinol.
ISSN: 1470–1626
Aparece en las Colecciones:Agroalimentación y Ganadería
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