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Título: CYP24A1 and KL polymorphisms are associated with the extent of vascular calcification but do not improve prediction of cardiovascular events
Autores: Solache-Berrocal, Guillermo
Rolle-Sóñora, Valeria
Martín-Fernández, Noelia
Cambray, Serafí
Valdivielso, José Manuel
Rodríguez, Isabel
Palabras Claves: calcium score
cardiovascular risk
single nucleotide polymorphism
vitamin D 24-hydroxylase
Fecha Edición: 9-Nov-2021
Editor: Oxford Academic
Cita Bibliográfica: Nephrol. Dial. Transplant. 2021; 36(11),2076-2083
Resumen: Background: Novel ways of determining cardiovascular risk are needed as a consequence of population ageing and the increased prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD), both of which favour vascular calcification. Since the formation of arterial calcium deposits has a genetic component, single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) could predict cardiovascular events. Methods: A selection of 1927 CKD patients and controls recruited by the NEFRONA study were genotyped for 60 SNPs from 22 candidate genes. A calcium score was calculated from the echogenicity of arterial atherosclerotic plaques and the presence of cardiovascular events during a 4-year period was recorded. Association of SNPs with the calcium score was identified by multiple linear regression models and their capacity to predict events was assessed by means of Cox proportional hazards regression and receiver operating characteristics curves. Results: Two variants, rs2296241 of CYP24A1 and rs495392 of KL, were associated with the calcium score. Despite this, only heterozygotes for rs495392 had a lower risk of suffering an event compared with homozygotes for the major allele {hazard ratio (HR) 0.67 [95% confidence interval (CI) 0.48-0.93]}. Of note, the calcium score was associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular events [HR 1.71 (95% CI 1.35-2.17)]. The addition of the rs495392 genotype to classical cardiovascular risk factors did not increase the predictive power [area under the curve (AUC) 71.3 (95% CI 61.1-85.5) versus 71.4 (61.5-81.4)]. Conclusions: Polymorphisms of CYP24A1 and KL are associated with the extent of calcification but do not predict cardiovascular events. However, the echogenic determination of the extent of calcium deposits seems a promising non-irradiating method for the scoring of calcification in high-risk populations.
ISSN: 0931-0509
Aparece en las Colecciones:Sanidad

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