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Por favor, use este identificador para citar o enlazar este documento: https://ria.asturias.es/RIA/handle/123456789/4901
Título : Efectividad de una intervención educativa breve en pacientes con insomnio en atención primaria
Autor : González-García P, Salinas-Herrero S
Prieto-Merino D, Suárez-Gil P
Palabras clave : Atención Primaria
Teorema de Bayes
Educación en salud
Fecha de publicación : dic-2014
Citación : .
Resumen : Abstract Objetive To evaluate the effectiveness of providing an educational intervention in primary care (PC) alongside a pharmacological treatment for insomnia. Design Single blinded non randomised clinical trial. Location Two urban primary health centers in Gijón (Asturias, Spain). Participants Patients who consulted for insomnia between July 2012-January 2013 and met the inclusion criteria (n = 50) were assigned systematically to the control group (CG) or intervention group (IG). All patients initiated treatment with lorazepam 1 mg in the evenings and had four weekly 15 min visits plus a follow-up visit after another month. Interventions The IG received training for control of stimuli, sleep hygiene and respiration and relaxation techniques in the four visits. The CG had only non invasive measures taken. Measurements Considering as cured those who reached a Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index PSQI < 6 or a 50% reduction from baseline level. It was also analyzed the change in the PSQI from baseline to final visit and to follow-up visit, and voluntary interruption of lorazepam. Analysis by Bayesian inference. Results Twelve out of recoveries after intervention against one out of 24 among control group. Mean change in PSQI to final visit and follow-up visit was: –4.7 (95%CrI:–5.9 to –3.5) and –6,3 (95%ICred: –7.5 to –5.1) in IG; –1.8 (95%ICred: –3 to –0.5) and –1.7 (95%ICred: –2.9 to –0.4) in CG. Interruption of lorazepan: in 4 controls (16,7%) and 9 (34,6%) in IG. Twenty nine patients in GI and 17 in GC completed the trial. Per protocol analysis showed similar results. Conclusions The educational intervention in PC improves sleep quality and reduces the need of treatment with benzodiacepines.
URI : https://ria.asturias.es/RIA/handle/123456789/4901
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