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Título: Genetic analysis of the vitamin D receptor gene in two epithelial
Autores: Fernández, Lara P.
Milne, Roger L.
Pita, Guillermo
Sendagorta, Elena
Floristan, Uxua
Feito, Marta
Avilés, José A.
Martín-González, Manuel
Arias, José I.
Zamora, Pilar
Blanco, Montserrat
Lázaro, Pablo
Benítez, Javier
Ribas, Gloria
Palabras Claves: Vitamin D
Breast cancer
Fecha Edición: 2008
Cita Bibliográfica: BMC Cancer.2008;8:385
Resumen: Background: Vitamin D serum levels have been found to be related to sun exposure and diet, together with cell differentiation, growth control and consequently, cancer risk. Vitamin D receptor (VDR) genotypes may influence cancer risk; however, no epidemiological studies in sporadic breast cancer (BC) or malignant melanoma (MM) have been performed in a southern European population. In this study, the VDR gene has been evaluated in two epithelial cancers BC and MM. Methods: We have conducted an analysis in 549 consecutive and non-related sporadic BC cases and 556 controls, all from the Spanish population, and 283 MM cases and 245 controls. Genotyping analyses were carried out on four putatively functional SNPs within the VDR gene. Results: An association with the minor allele A of the non-synonymous SNP rs2228570 (rs10735810, FokI, Met1Thr) was observed for BC, with an estimated odds ratio (OR) of 1.26 (95% CI = 1.02–1.57; p = 0.036). The synonymous variant rs731236 (TaqI) appeared to be associated with protection from BC (OR = 0.80, 95%CI = 0.64–0.99; p = 0.047). No statistically significant associations with MM were observed for any SNP. Nevertheless, sub-group analyses revealed an association between rs2228570 (FokI) and absence of childhood sunburns (OR = 0.65, p = 0.003), between the 3'utr SNP rs739837 (BglI) and fair skin (OR = 1.31, p = 0.048), and between the promoter SNP rs4516035 and the more aggressive tumour location in head-neck and trunk (OR = 1.54, p = 0.020). Conclusion: In summary, we observed associations between SNPs in the VDR gene and BC risk, and a comprehensive analysis using clinical and tumour characteristics as outcome variables has revealed potential associations with MM. These associations required confirmation in independent studies.
ISSN: 1471-2407
Aparece en las Colecciones:Sanidad
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