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Título: Sarcoptic mange in red deer from Spain: Improved surveillance or disease emergence?
Autores: Oleaga, A.
Casais, R.
González-Quirós, P.
Prieto, M.
Gortazar, C.
Palabras Claves: Enfermedad emergente;
Cervus elaphus
Enfermedad compartida
Fecha Edición: 2008
Editor: Elsevier
Cita Bibliográfica: Oleaga, A... [et al.]. Sarcoptic mange in red deer from Spain: Improved surveillance or disease emergence? Veterinary Parasitology. 2008 ; 154 : 103-113
Resumen: Concern about emerging diseases has risen in recent years, and multihost situations have become increasingly relevant for wildlife management and conservation. We present data on Asturias, northern Spain, where 80 mangy red deer (Cervus elaphus) have been found since the beginning of the epizootic in chamois (Rupicapra pyrenaica parva) in 1993. We combine field and necropsy data with the results of a serosurvey using an in-house ELISA test to evaluate if deer mange due to Sarcoptes scabiei is an emerging disease in this area. The mean number of deer mange cases per year was 5, with a maximum of 16. No significant relationship was detected between monthly temperatures, rainfall or number of days with snow cover and the annual number of sarcoptic mange cases in red deer. Only 4 mangy red deer (5%) were detected outside the limits of scabietic chamois distribution during the same year, and all were less than 2500 m away from that limit. The longest distance reported between two consecutive mangy deer locations was 18 km. Mange cases were significantly more frequent in stags than in hinds and in adults than in juvenile deer. The time of the first mange detection in chamois in each sector, year with minimum number of chamois recorded, year with maximum chamois population decline rate and chamois density offered no significant correlation with red deer mange cases appearance moment and frequency. In the mange affected area, ELISA testing of 327 blood samples from hunter-harvested deer without obvious mange-compatible lesions revealed only 4 seropositive animals. All 83 sera from hunting preserves without clinical cases yielded negative ELISA results. According to these epidemiological data mange does not seem to threaten red deer populations in Asturias. However, continued monitoring of deer health and ELISA testing for sarcoptic mange is advisable
ISSN: 0304-4017
Aparece en las Colecciones:Agroalimentación y Ganadería
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