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Utilice este identificador para citar o enlazar este documento: https://ria.asturias.es/RIA/handle/123456789/12749


Título: Prevención de la muerte súbita cardiaca en el deportista joven desde la perspectiva enfermera
Autores: Villar Gómez, Francisco Manuel
Gómez Salgado, Juan
Fernández García, Daniel
Dias, Adriano
García Iglesias, Juan Jesús
Ruiz Frutos., Carlos
Palabras Claves: Muerte súbita cardiaca
Deportes
Tamizaje masivo
Atletas
Enfermería
Fecha Edición: 16-Feb-2020
Editor: SEAPA
Cita Bibliográfica: Villar-Gómez FM, Gómez-Salgado J, Fernández-García D, Dias A, García-Iglesias JJ, Ruiz-Frutos C. Prevención de la muerte súbita cardiaca en el deportista joven desde la perspectiva enfermera. RqR Enfermería Comunitaria (Revista de SEAPA). 2020 Febrero; 8 (1): 36-45.
Resumen: Objective. The objective of the study is to synthesize the best available evidence about sudden cardiac death in young athletes from the nurse's perspective. Methodology. A literature review has been conducted on the CINAHL, COCHRANE, Dialnet and Medline databases. Results. The incidence of sudden death varies between 0.16-0.98 / 100,000 cases per year. Genetic-type causes were the most common ones (hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy, and channelopathies), and sports the sports which registered more deaths have been football, running, and cycling. To prevent these events, medical examinations, the establishment of CPR and defibrillation mechanisms, and the development of national registers are necessary. Conclusions. Sudden death in athletes is a booming health problem, although its incidence is still relatively low. In athletes < 35, congenital cardiopathy is the most common cause of sudden death, and sporting disciplines with moderate-high dynamic and static component cause more deaths than the rest. In addition, advances in genetics are necessary, as well as the compliance with preventive measures where nurses would play a key role through health education in CPR training, screening and exercise prescription, among others.
URI: https://ria.asturias.es/RIA/handle/123456789/12749
ISSN: 2254-8270
Aparece en las Colecciones:Sanidad

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